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مُساهمة  حسين الدياربي في الإثنين 12 أبريل 2010, 6:16 pm

Childhood
Childhood is the stage at the age period from birth to adulthood, said God (or the child who did not appear on the women's sins) (Nur 31) The God (and if the children among you come to puberty, ask permission, as those before them) (Nur, 59).
And childhood is divided into stages:
- Infancy: from birth until the end of the second year (end of lactation).
- Early childhood three years to five years.
- Childhood middle of the sixth year until ten atheist.
- Late infancy of the second session until puberty.
As we limit ourselves only to this stage of middle childhood and late
The importance of childhood
Childhood is an essential stage in human life, where it employs almost a quarter of his life and the effects of events clear rest of his life either in behavior or personal attributes.
The importance of childhood of the following reasons:
- Children present a moment of vulnerability for humans and where it needs permanent care and attention in all its affairs, whether physical, psychological, social as well as food and drink.
- The guidance it receives in this life leaves a deep impact upon the child, who has lived a turbulent atmosphere often affect his personality when he is and sometimes it goes beyond the sides of involuntary way to speak and walk and tone of voice, where the affected child and his parents and the community greatly.
- Care and attention to mental aspects of the child helps to success Intelligent usually have the environmental conditions and care at a young age will help them to be creative in life.
- Child and easily absorbs the principles and ethics, which makes it have taken for granted helps to give it a strong immunity against external influences and has become in old age, to the principles and rules are justified.
- Neglect of the physical, balanced nutrition and health care a significant impact on the child's personality and leaves an indelible impact in old age, especially if the shortage of vital materials necessary for the physical structure.
- Children hold a high proportion of the community sometimes more than half, especially in third world countries, including all the Islamic countries.
The needs of children
Require the child during the growth to a range of tasks necessary to balance the psychological, mental and physical, in the forefront of these tasks needs the following
- The need for knowledge
Is one of the most important human needs which arise from his birth and grow as they grow physically, mentally, although harassment the child of knowledge by the orthopedist, it plays an important role in the upbringing of the child and accepts the knowledge-free and ask a lot of things around him so upset sometimes adult children should be encouraged in this matter and facilitate the means of knowledge of its different cultural blood.
- The need to acquire life skills
Child needs to acquire the habits of the surrounding community and seeks to learn essential life skills Here is the pot of the child's cultural links it is easily accepted by the daily life and increase the score of knowledge on the community that surrounds it and the customs and manners.
- The need to acquire the religious and ethical values of the group
The need for such a high priority in the interest of the child to sing though it clearly is not looking like the rest of the needs of this age such as the need for food, security and entertainment If you do not provide ethics and behavior, it often is not lacking in his childhood and would be hard for his merits in the manhood.
The children at this stage to see the morals and values applied in the society around them so that work can not live by the duplication of the discrepancy between practice and theory, especially that these values do not conflict with the desires of the child already and therefore the child's ability to deal with is positive and make sure when it formulated the methods of cultural scale, such as stories and popular tales.
- The need for recreation and play
Despite the clear need for this practice in children but some question the importance, role and they need the child's innate natural ease by the pressures of life and serious study requirements, orders and prohibitions daily and therefore achievable - from a cultural aspect - would bring him pleasure and emotional satisfaction and personal happiness.
- The need to work and value
Despite the tendency of children to play, but it must be making some achievements and rewarded them and no doubt it is estimated that this aspect of the course of the story or the news or information, or even enhance competition has this side and to root in himself.
- The need to develop the mental capacity
Child needs to develop capacities of thinking and satisfy its needs for science and innovation is no doubt that the puzzles and reasonable and fiction adventures, inventions and scientific experiments to develop this aspect has and shaped.
- The need to vent their pent-up desires
Which is related to children with poor social conditions or the economic situation of defaulting or family problems and usually want the child to remove them that might be dangerous, therefore, to find cultural outlets to remove these trends represent an absolute solution to social Perhaps the stories of close to the reality of his life to achieve this objective is reasonable.
- The need for love and affection and security
This need for psychological emotional generated since the first day where to snatch mother her son and take him in her arms and breasts to obstruct generated child, looking for love from his mother and father, and when the people around him of educators, teachers, relatives and even friends, and whenever you get a child to this need and is a permanent and positive before and his parents were life tend to stability and growth closer to the health and stability.
- The need to belong
Any of the surrounding community by a representative thumbnail image from a family where the family is the source and the general community mainly because he was bound by the country and the people and their daily lives and also need to love, he needs to belong to the source of this love from his parents and through his family and then society.
Mental and psychological characteristics of children
Characterized by a child from some of the great psychological characteristics and mental health is important to recognize and take advantage of the guidance to enhance the positive aspects of his, including:
- Understanding of the surface of intangible things
- Vulnerability of high practical guidance behavioral
- Automatic feelings and emotions and psychological inability to control substances by
- The spirit of friendship and teamwork with peers
- Love of exploration, knowledge and scientific curiosity
- The desire to develop individual skills
- The need to the example and the example of realism
The world's attention to children
Interested in the world and since the emergence of international conglomerates with children and work on the version of many of the recommendations and decisions on them, including:
- Universal Declaration of Rights of the Child in 1959
- Arab Charter on the Rights of the Child in 1984
- International Year of the Child in 1979
- World Children's Day
- A child protection and sponsorship of Egypt 1989-1999 AD
- The establishment of a children's organization UNICEF global
- Establishment of the International Children's Literature Research
- Allocation of international awards for children's literature
- The establishment of international exhibitions of children's books

حسين الدياربي
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